Disaster Water Purification
Disaster Water Purification
Learning to implement key disaster water purification measures can mean all the difference between comfort and panic for a family or household eyeing to survive a calamity. In many cases, it is okay to rely on pre-stored water for sustenance through a disaster. However, there are many cases where being able to purify your own water source can be a definite boon. For the survivalist or the family serious with ensuring their water supply through any situation, disaster water purification measures is a lifesaver that will allow them to be dynamic and flexible when responding to tough and demanding situations.
The first step towards disaster water purification measures is to have a supply of the things that you need to be able to purify contaminated water. Check the following list to see which ones suit your preference and situation:
Portable water filters. There are plenty of emergency water filtration designs available on the web or in hardware stores. All you need to do is buy these filters and put them together with your emergency kit. When the time comes for water purification, you can simply pull out these filters, pass the water through these, and get potable water as an output. The best designs come with a hand-operated pump so the water can be easily pushed through the filter but even simple filtration designs similar to a sieve-like contraption with a multi-layered filter cloth can be handy in most situations.
Chlorine and/or iodine tablets. These are used to kill-off bacteria in the water. The greatest thing with purification tablets is that they are highly portable because of their size and are virtually usable anywhere. The only exception is when you have really murky water which may require filtration prior to being treated with the chlorine tablets. These can also be bought from stores near you and can be stashed in your emergency kit for quick use later on.
In the event that you are not able to prepare for an emergency but would still need to employ disaster water purification measures, it helps to know some of the survivalist skills that can help you get clean water. The most common is with the use of a sun sill where water can be condensed on a piece of plastic or tarp exposed to the sun. The biggest drawback of sun sills is that the amount of water produced is fairly low and this will take considerable time before a sufficient amount is made available. Of course this method would also not work in areas with little sun.
In other cases, using traditional home items like clothing or socks can be helpful in purifying water. A cotton cloth can actually be used to filter water from an open stream. Multiple passes can be made until the water is rendered clear enough for your comfort. In the end, it is important that particulate manner is strained out before the water is drank or used for other activities along the same lines.
Perhaps the most reliable and easiest way of purification is by boiling the water. For this, you may need a small stove with a butane tank. Doing it at home using your own gas stove will also work in times of emergency. Boiling kills off all the microbial contaminants in the water. Finish it by filtering the water if it remains to be cloudy or murky before using it for drinking purposes.