Drinking Water Purification
It's time to sit down to a good cup of coffee and enjoy reading your favorite book on your new Kindle. However, you've just been informed by your neighbor that the tap water is not safe to drink due to a water main break in the area. Or even worse, your area has suffered a natural disaster and the water needs purified before you can drink it. Even in developed countries due to insufficient sanitation and waste treatment systems surface water can be contaminated with human wastes along with contamination of urban tap water. There is no reason to panic. Clear and easy steps can be taken to purify your drinking water with proper preparation.
Should an emergency arise and your drinking water needs purified, here are some simple steps you can follow:
Boiling Water – According to the Centers for Disease Control water brought to boiling should adequately disinfect. The boil should be maintained for at least one minute. If you are at altitudes greater than 6,562, boil the water for at least three minutes. Let the water cool to room temperature. Do not add any contaminated ice.
Liquid Clorox Bleach – When natural disasters hit, this is one of the best ways to purify your drinking water (especially since you might not be able to boil your water):1.Allow water to stand in a container to allow any particles to settle to the bottom.
2.Pour the clear water into an uncontaminated container. (See below how to sanitize container.)
3.With an eyedropper drop the proper amount of Regular Clorox Bleach (not scented Bleach) into container of water. (2 drops per quarter; 8 drops per gallon; and ½ teaspoon per gallon) If the water appears cloudy, double dosage.
4.Mix and wait 30 minutes.
5.Water should have a slight bleach odor. If there isn't any odor, repeat the dosage.
Remember to sanitize your container before dropping the bleach into the clear water. Wash your container first. Mix 1 tablespoon of bleach to one gallon of water. The container should soak in this solution for 2 minutes. Drain and air dry. Also, if you are storing your Clorox Bleach, make sure you replace it every three months to maintain your supply at full strength. Keep a dropper taped to the bottle along with the instructions on drinking water purification.
Portable Water PurificationThese devices are also known as Point-of-Use (POU) water treatment systems and field water disinfection techniques. These are self-contained units used by survivalists, military personnel, or those who must obtain their drinking water from lakes or rivers that have not been treated. The objective of these self-contained units is to render the unchlorinated water safe for drinking. Always refer to the specific device's reading material to determine the level of purification.
There are other more complicated ways to purify your drinking water in emergencies. However, we have listed the most practical and easy methods used by millions of people throughout the world.
Save this information for future reference. It would not be a bad idea to keep emergency water pouches on hand for disaster situations. With just a little preparation, you now know some alternative ways you can use for drinking water purification in an emergency.