Drinking Water Test Kits
Drinking water test kits are used to quickly and easily analyse the quality and contents of drinking water. Domestic-use kits are generally user friendly, with well explained instructions and easy to understand results analysis.
Different types of drinking water test kits are manufactured by a number of companies and they test for different kinds of water impurities. Some kits are specifically used to measure one water contaminant while others kits will cover a wide range of impurities.
Typical drinking water test kits look for harmful bacteria, water pH level, hardness, chloride, sulphite and nitrate, the presence of pesticides and other chemical contaminants, and minerals such as iron, lead, arsenic and copper. Water naturally contains trace amounts of minerals and safe bacteria, however in very high levels they can adversely affect people’s health.
Lead Testing Kits
These kits specifically test for high levels of lead. This mineral has been linked kidney and brain damage as well as poor red blood cell production. Children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable. Normally domestic water from municipal sources is regularly monitored for lead levels. However the particular conditions at the household level maybe different. For example lead piping maybe leeching into the drinking water.
Bacteria testing kits
These kits identify various kinds of harmful, disease-causing bacteria that are water-borne.
Trace amounts of arsenic sometimes occur naturally in water but often it comes from herbicides and pesticides. It is highly toxic to humans.
Well water kits
Certain kits are designed to test domestic water from ground wells as opposed to that supplied by the local municipal. They usually test for different contaminants including microbes, water quality and mineral levels.
Pesticide test kit
These kits test for toxins found in pesticides and other chemical agents.
Chlorine drinking water test kits
Chlorine is a commonly used agent for the disinfection of municipal water. Excess levels of chlorine have now been linked to certain types of cancer.
Some amount of fluoride in drinking water is good especially for the prevention of tooth decay. Very high amounts are now known to increase the risk of contracting various diseases.
These are water test kits that combine a range of testing sets for up to 12 different elements.
Lab analysis kits
This kit enables a detailed testing of domestic water after which you can produce a printed report that covers a wide list of items.
Field drinking water test kits
These are specially designed to test water out in the field or wilderness. They come in a variety of sizes and capabilities, from individual water testers to the mini-laboratory kinds that allow for extensive field water analysis. These are nice to have in a survival situation so you know if any available water needs purification.
The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) manages various programs on environmental protection and pollution has standards for the acceptable levels of various water constituents. You should compare your drinking water testing kit results against the EPA recommended levels. They also have guidelines on how often water should be tested. For example well water should be tested annually.
It would not be a bad idea to have at least one drinking water test kit in case of an emergency where the water supply is cut off and you only have possibly contaminated water available. If you know the type of contamination you will know which type of emergency water purification methods to use.