Emergency Survival Kits
Though our site mainly concerns emergency water purification methods, individuals who are reading these articles may also be interested in the need for emergency survival kits.
Newspapers always seem to include at least one traumatic story about an expedition that has gone horribly wrong or a disaster that has happened in some part of the world. Stories like these emphasize that possessing a good emergency survival kit can be the difference between life and death.
There are a myriad of outdoor specialist who have ready made survival kits for sale; however, many people prefer to put their own kit together thus ensuring that it is expressly geared towards their proposed activity and the location being traveled to.
Generally, an emergency survival kit should contain items that will help with the main priorities in any survival situation, namely shelter; water; fire; food; first aid and rescue. The following list includes practical tips which you can adapt according to the type of kit you are capable of carrying.
A thermal blanket will help to keep you warm but can also be used both as a roof for your shelter and to lie on.
Rope or cord will assist in securing the shelter and keeping it standing, while snare wire can also be used as a hunting tool. A multi-purpose tool such as a swiss army knife is valuable as it can be used for a range of different tasks.
Water is vital to keep you alive and having access to emergency water supplies can literally mean the difference between life and death. You need to ensure that the water you drink is clean and free from bacteria, so having a water purification system of some kind is crucial if you do not have a good supply of bottled water or emergency water pouches.
Creating fire naturally with friction is obviously a very useful skill to have but carrying a lighter or waterproof matches will ensure you get the fire burning in less time. Emergency tinder kits can also save the additional time spent looking for tinder and will generally light even when damp. Another useful tool for creating fire is a magnifying glass.
High energy chocolate bars and instant dried food may well be appreciated if you are stuck out in the open at night and have not had the opportunity to plan your strategy for obtaining food.
A small book giving details and pictures of wild plants and berries that can be eaten (and more importantly those that can’t!) can be very useful. Fish hooks, cord and snare wire can be used to fish and trap small animals.
This should be kept apart from your emergency survival kit in case you have to get to it quickly.
You should ensure that at least one of your party has the requisite training and experience in first aid so that the best possible procedures can be followed until proper medical assistance arrives or is reached.
A small whistle and a mirror are extremely useful when you are trying to attract help. A mobile phone is also invaluable if you are able to get a signal but it should only be used in an emergency to avoid wasting the battery.
What you actually put into your emergency survival kit is a matter of personal preference and should be based on what you are doing and where you are going. The survival skills of your party are also of vital importance.
Although emergency survival situations are quite unusual, they do happen on occasion and the more equipped you are to face any eventuality, the easier you will find it to get out of the situation quickly and without disaster.