Emergency Water Supplies
EMERGENCY WATER SUPPLIES - Are you prepared?
If some type of natural catastrophe should hit your area, such as a hurricane, tornado, or earthquake, there is a very good possibility that electricity, food, and clean drinking water will not be available for days if not weeks. Although it would be inconvenient, we can live without the electricity, and can even survive for weeks on a very small amount of food. However, water is a different matter. The body needs water for all its bodily functions and it loses it by the minute through sweating, bodily waste, and just activity in general. Emergency water supples are a must for everyone's home.
When in a very good environmental location, if there is no water even the healthiest people can't survive for more than 4 or 5 days without clean drinking water. Add an environment that is exceedingly hot or cold, or an individual who is sick, and you can take away another 2 or 3 days. Most people in countries where there is plenty of water available take it for granted, but if you are ever in a survival situation, you will quickly find that emergency water supplies will be at the top of the list of items needed for getting through the ordeal.
If you are ever unlucky enough to be involved in a situation where there is no water and you are not sure when there will be any available, you need to inventory what water you have, and then start coming up with plans to supply more with the resources you have at hand. In other words, water should be at the top of your survival list.
A normaL, healthy adult needs around 2 quarts of water a day to keep their body functioning properly. Children and nursing mothers will need a little more. If you are planning on storing up emergency water supplies, keep this in mind. Also remember that you will need water for cooking and hygiene. You need to store water for these purposes too, as you do not want to take away from your emergency drinking water for these purposes.
The safest way to store water is to use the commercial brands bought in stores. Do not open them, and write down the expiration date if there is one on the bottle. If you are going to bottle your own, don't use any containers that have had milk or juices in them. It is very difficult to totally remove the residue from these liquids, and just a very small amount could case bacteria buildup. Soda bottle containers are best and safest for storage.
Before you put your water in, wash the bottles thoroughly and then sanitize them by putting a couple of spoons of non scented bleach in the bottle and shaking it around so it touches all services. Then rinse out the bottle with clean water. If you are using tap water from your city it is probably safe, but if you would like to add a drop of chlorine bleach to each bottle it will not hurt and may give some added protection. After you have filled the bottles, make sure the lid is tight and store in a cool dark place. Be sure and do not touch the lids as any germs on your hands could contaminate them. Once they are prepared, these emergency drinking water supplies should be changed around every six or seven months, so write the date you stored them on the bottle.
If you have not prepared for an emergency, you are going to have to take more drastic measures. You will need to find an available water supply and purify it. Available supply can come in the form of lakes, streams, ponds, rivers and rainwater. If you are near the ocean you can use salt water but you will need to distill it first.
The safest ways to purify water if you do not have emergency water supplies available is by boiling and chlorination. It is better to strain the water through some type of clothing first to get out as many larger impurities as you can. After that, boil the water at a rolling boil for 10 minutes. Once it is cool, pour it back and forth between to containers to put oxygen in it. If chlorine bleach is available, put around 1/2 teaspoon in a gallon of water, stir it and let it stand for 20-30 minutes. If it doesn't smell of chlorine after this time, repeat the process.
There are other ways to produce emergency water supplies, but the length of this article is too short to cover them. They are usually used in very extreme situations where it looks like water will not be available for days or weeks. You can look at other articles on our website which gives instructions for making sand and charcoal filters, solar purification, distillation, and others. Also, if you are in an area that has rainfall, construct a way to catch it for later use.
I hope this article has been of help on the topic of emergency water supplies. Remember, the best way to cope with an emergency is to be prepared for it. There are other items you will need to do, so research and prepare yourself.
Our website has a world of information on emergency water purification methods as well as preparation of emergency water supplies. You may want to bookmark us for future reference.