How is Water Purified
How Is Water Purified To Make it Safe
You might have asked yourself how is water purified and we certainly agree, that’s an excellent question to ask. It is important to understand the methodologies used to purify water, especially those that can be applied in emergency situations when sources of clean water are scarce. Knowing how to clean your own water before drinking can make or break your chances of survival.
Read these simple steps to learn how is water purified so you can apply them in situations when you need to be sure that the water is safe for drinking.
1 - Check the condition of the water; is it cloudy, does it smell, do you have a way of knowing if it is polluted? How is water purified depends on the initial state of the water source so being able to distinguish between various conditions of water can simplify your water purifying tasks.
2 - Opaque or cloudy water means there is an excess of suspended solids making it inappropriate for drinking. Strain this water source through several layers of clean clothing so that the large sediments can be filtered from the water. Repeat the procedure a number of times, each time using a different cloth, until the water color is clearer.
3 - After straining, boil the water for at least five minutes. Boiling kills off unnecessary bacteria and other dangerous microorganisms. Always remember that boiling is an essential step in any emergency water purification method and one shouldn’t forget how water is purified through this means.
4 - A substitute for boiling is by adding chlorine tablets to the water sample. There are many chlorine tablet brands in the market specifically designed for this purpose. If there are no chlorine tablets available, use ordinary liquid chlorine from household cleaning agents like bleach but make sure to not add too much, else you risk making the water acidic enough to burn your throat. A good guideline is to add a quarter of a teaspoon of industrial grade chlorine bleach for every liter of water. Allow the mixture to stand for at least 30 minutes. Check for a hint of chlorine smell as a criteria for knowing that the process is effective. Repeat the steps if there is no chlorine smell from the mixture.
5 - Iodine tablets or solutions can also be used as a substitute for chlorine when considering how water is purified. When using tincture of iodine use half a teaspoon for every liter of water to be purified. Wherever possible, use an eye dropper specifically identified for this purpose.
One can never be too sure about water cleanliness and it is important to always be ready, especially in times of emergency. When considering how water is purified, keep a portable water filter in your emergency kit at all times. Also get chlorine or iodine tablets from local supermarkets or household bleach if tablets are not available. Lastly, a small stove for cooking food and boiling water will come in handy for emergency use. Small stoves with butane tanks used by campers are excellent for this purpose.
There is no substitute for being prepared for disasters, calamities, and emergencies. Proper emergency readiness will go a long way into ensuring that you and your family can live through even the most severe emergencies.
We hope this article has help to answer the question - how is water purified. Our website has a large volume of quality articles about emergency water purification as well as other information concerning water, how to find it and clean it.