Methods of Purifying Water
Emergency Methods of Purifying Water
There are a variety of methods of purifying water that one can employ to ensure the safety of drinking water even in times of emergency. Most of these methods are not hard to do and in some cases, they do not even need anything outside of the typical household items that you will readily find in your kitchen. Below is a quick summary of these methods of purifying water so you can be ready for any event that would put your access to safe drinking water in a bind.
1. The first step one can do to prepare for an emergency is to purchase a portable water filter from the nearest hardware store. Typical two-stage filters cost no more than $25 and are very effective in eliminating all major forms of contaminants, physical and biological, from most water sources. You can easily include this portable water filter in your emergency kit together with flashlights, batteries and other necessities so you will not misplace it anywhere.
The multi-stage filters are designed to last for more than two years in continuous use and can even extend to three years plus if left unused; however for best results, two-year replacements are necessary to ensure that the activated carbon layer remains activated for effective filtration. Of the many methods of purifying water, this is your best shot at making sure you are getting safe drinking water because these products have been totally vetted to produce water that is compliant with strict public health standards.
2. In the absence of a portable water filter, you can design your own water filter based on common household items. In the most basic setup, you will need a cotton shirt and crushed charcoal. Tie the shirt into a tight bow on one end while leaving the other end open. Add a fistful of crushed charcoal bits into the shirt then pour water through. Catch the filtered water from the tied end. For a multi-stage filter, re-filter the produced water in another shirt with crushed charcoal. Repeat as many times as necessary until the water is clear enough for your standards.
3. Of the many methods of purifying water, the simplest is by natural boiling. Simply heat a pot of water to boiling and let it stand there for not less than a minute. The heat kills of the biological contaminants but it normally doesn’t get rid of suspended particulates so an extra filtration process might be necessary.
If you want to be ready at all times, buy a small firing stove much like the ones mountaineers use. Stash in an emergency kit together with the rest of your essentials so you have a means of boiling water even if you run out of gas from your stove or electricity from your heating pan.
4. Stores also offer chlorine and iodine tablets as another one of the methods of purifying water. Simply drop these tablets into water and let it stand for five minutes. If not available, household bleach can be used to purify drinking water. One to two drops into one liter of water cleanses the water from biological contaminants making it suitable for drinking. As usual, filter the water if the opacity is not within your standards.
There are a variety of methods of purifying water available at your disposal. Practice each of these steps so you are more familiar should an emergency strike and you need to purify water using these unorthodox methods.
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