Water Health Issues
Water Health Issues
If you do not rely on bottled water for your drinking purposes, then safe drinking water can be hard to come by if a disaster occurs. Moreover, when facing survival or emergency situations, you may be hard-pressed to find water safe enough to drink. The rise in water health issues due to the numerous contaminated water sources has led to various studies on effective water treatment methods.
All around the world, people are increasingly concerned as to the safety of their drinking water. Advancements in technology have revealed that water sources which were once believed to be pure are now contaminated. Moreover, the health effects of some of these contaminants are not well understood. Researchers often state that the presence of contaminants does not necessarily mean that one’s health is at risk.
One study found that while public water supply is tested and regulated to ensure that the water is free from contaminants, the same cannot be said of private water sources such as wells. These sources are not regulated by conventional drinking water standards. As such, it is up to the owners to treat the water to avoid the common water health issues.
Drinking water may be contaminated at its source or during distribution. There are some cases where common water health issues come up as the contamination occurs during treatment. The contaminants may be microbial, organic as well as inorganic in nature. Very few organic and inorganic contaminants are actually present in water.
The majority of contaminants happens to be microbial in nature. However, just to be safe, your drinking water should be tested, especially if it is not coming from a public source. Fortunately, there are a number of treatment options available to minimize on the contaminants present in your drinking water.
Water purification through boiling is the most effective way of ensuring that your water is safe for drinking. Boiling eliminates 99.9% of microbial contamination. It should be noted that a rolling boil is the most effective way of ensuring that your water is completely safe for drinking. You should let your water boil for 3-5 minutes before allowing it to cool. To return the taste you can pour it back and forth between two containers for a couple of times to get oxygen back in the water.
Filtration is noted for being the most basic water purification method available. Use of basic filtration techniques such as placing filtration devices on drinking water collection points could help avoid some of the common water health issues. This water purification method is also recommended for survival situations where boiling may not be the most practical purification technique.
Finally, we need to mention chemical treatment when talking about water purification and water health issues. When treating water with chemical treatment, the chemicals may prove to be ineffective against some of the microorganisms present in the water. As such, chemical treatment is often grouped together with other purification methods such as boiling and filtration.