Water Purification Techniques
Water Purification Techniques you can use at home
As modernization continues to surge, the world at the same time creates pollution at a faster rate. One of the acute problems that the world faces is water pollution. Most diseases are caused by water borne microorganisms. Each day, millions die because of water contamination and many more suffer from diseases. Drinking tap water without treating it is a risky thing to do. Thus to keep yourself from contamination, it is important to drink purified water.
There are plenty of water purification techniques that are simple and easy to do and which you can also do at home. Traditionally, settlers adopted the methods of boiling, iodine treatment, distillation, and bleach treatment for cleaning out microorganisms from water.
Boiling is the easiest of the water purification techniques to use without chemicals or additives. It only takes 1 minute of a constant rolling boil to have your water purified.
Iodine can also be used to purify water. About 20 to 40 drops can do the trick, depending on the cloudiness of the water. But be sure to let it stand for 30 minutes before drinking.
Distillation is also another one of the water purification techniques for true purification of water. This technique has a properly designed system for the removal of water contaminants and impurities. This is because most contaminants do not vaporize. All you have to do is collect the water vapour after boiling a pot of water. This water, when cooled, is almost completely sterilized.
Although household bleach is often used for cleaning clothes and other household items, it can also serve as another of the water purification techniques on your list. Bleach serves the purpose of killing the present undesirable microorganisms in the water. It is a known fact that tiny amount of bleach can purify water. Add 16 drops of regular household bleach per gallon of water and let it set for 30 minutes before drinking.
For better tasting water when purifying by adding iodine or bleach, it is advisable to pour water between 2 containers to allow the oxygen to circulate.
Even though these traditional water purification techniques are easy to do they time to complete. Unless they are in an emergency situation most people do not want to spend the time and trouble to accomplish them. Commercial water purifiers were created for this purpose. There are several water purifiers available in the market today.
Electrical or chemical based home water purification techniques are now widely used for urban households because they require small operation and it is still as effective as the traditional methods in keeping water clean. The most popular types of water purifiers are reverse osmosis (RO) and ultraviolet (UV) based.
Reverse osmosis, considered as the finest available membrane separation technique, separates very fine particles or other suspended matter from the water. It is capable of removing metal ions and fully removing salts. On the other hand, UV based is one of the more popular water purification techniques used today. By applying the idea of using UV radiation in a controlled manner, the natural disinfection process can be utilized in killing germs, bacteria and other microorganisms that makes water safe to drink.
Regardless of which of the water purification techniques you choose to use, as human being we have the power to control and keep our world a clean and safe place to live in. We should do our part to control and recycle water as it is the most important natural resource we have.
Our website has a wealth of informative articles concerning water purification techniques and much more. Be sure and bookmark us in case of an emergency. You can only live for 4 or 5 days without water regardles of how much food you have.