Water Treatment Supplies
Water Treatment Supplies
Water is very important for the sustenance of life. While a human being can go several days and even weeks without food, a person is unlikely to live more than a few days without water. It is for this reason that it is very important to store water in case of emergencies.
During an emergency, it is not uncommon for the public water supplies everybody relies on for drinking water to be damaged or contaminated. Even if the public water supplies are not interrupted after an emergency, it is best to assume that the water is contaminated. So, you will need water treatment supplies.
The water treatment supplies you need will depend on the type of contaminants that are likely to be found in the water. However, the most common contamination after a natural disaster such as a flood or earthquake is pathogen contamination. Many municipal councils may issue a ‘boil drinking water’ advisory right after the occurrence of a disaster until they have determined that the water is not contaminated or until they improve the quality of the water (get rid of the contamination). Boiling is possibly the best water treatment method as it kills all pathogens but it may not be very practical if you need to purify large amounts of water. Also, in emergency situations, you may not have electricity to boil the water.
Chlorine is one of the water treatment supplies you may need in an emergency. Treating water with chlorine is one of the methods of water disinfection. You can purchase chlorine tablets but in an emergency situation, household bleach will suffice. You should only use household bleach that contains about 5% of sodium hypochlorite and does not contain any soap, fragrances or phosphates. Chlorine if used in the correct dosage will kill all disease causing pathogens found in the water. However, it does alter the taste of the water.
As water treatment supplies go, iodine, which is also a disinfectant, is preferred over chlorine. Iodine can be found in the form of tablets (tetraglycine hydroperiodide tablets) or in tincture form (which is 2% iodine). Iodine takes a longer time to disinfect water so it is important to let the water sit for a while before using it for drinking or for cooking.
Another one of the less commonly known water treatment supplies is what is called stabilized oxygen. The stabilized oxygen treats water by killing any bacteria present.
All these chemical treatment methods are only for use in the short term as they have some side effects.
Other treatment supplies you may need include food grade plastic containers for storing water, water filters and distillation systems. Water treatment supplies can be purchased form camping stores and emergency supply stores.